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Foreign Investment in the United States/Doing Business
CFIUS, Foreign Investment in the United States, International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA), National Security Law, Tech War, Technology and Human Rights, Technology Export Control, United States China Law and Policy

TikTok: China’s Export Controls Set in Motion Unprecedented Legal Scenario

On August 14, President Trump ordered ByteDance to divest its assets and interests in TikTok. What happens if ByteDance does not comply? The question may seem academic, given historical compliance with divestment orders and ByteDance’s talks with U.S. companies about TikTok’s sale. But a recent legal move by China—its expansion of a list of technologies that require government approval for export, including apparently in a sale of TikTok—renders real the issue of non-compliance with the August 14 divestment order, and potentially raises unprecedented issues.
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Academic Espionage, Academic Research, Emerging Technologies Regulation, Foreign Influence in Academia, Foreign Investment in the United States, International Trade Law, National Security Law, Tech War, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy

U.S. Restrictions on International Tech Transfer in Academia, Business, Trade

U.S. Controls Over Foreign Access to and Influence on Technology and Research in 2020: A  Quick Guide U.S. companies, academic and research institutions, and individuals are facing greater scrutiny and…

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Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Investment in the United States, National Security Law, Tech War, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy

Digital Dating as a Matter of National Security: Grindr-CFIUS

Is a dating app a national security asset? Yes, in some cases. Foreign investment in U.S. businesses that collect and maintain U.S. citizens’ sensitive personal data is subject to national security reviews by CFIUS. From social networking to financial services to healthcare to consumer retail, companies across sectors collect, maintain, and have access to the sensitive personal data of U.S. citizens. The implications of the personal data-national security nexus are potentially wide-ranging for foreign investment in U.S. businesses.
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Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Influence in Academia, Foreign Investment in the United States, National Security Law, Tech War, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy

U.S.-China Tech War: Whole of Government Legal Strategy

The U.S. government has adopted and is implementing a “whole-of-government” strategy to counter China. The whole-of-government approach entails a range of legal and policy measures to curb China’s access to U.S. technology, by lawful and unlawful means. These measures include, but are not limited to, stricter curbs on foreign investment in U.S. technology; restrictions on exports of “emerging technologies” like artificial intelligence; exclusions of Chinese firms from U.S. government and private supply chains through company bans; prosecutions of intellectual property theft; measures to counter “academic espionage” in American academic and research institutions; and, indirectly, and, indirectly, sanctions enforcement.
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Academic Espionage, Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Agents Registration Act, Foreign Investment in the United States, National Security Law, Tech War, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy

Huawei Ownership and the Foreign Agents Registration Act

The United States has adopted a whole-of-government approach to counter China’s “economic aggression” or “economic espionage,” umbrella terms that encompass a range of conduct including IP theft, forced technology transfer, academic espionage, and influence operations in the United States. The whole-of-government approach illustrates that the most strategically significant and complex confrontation between the United States and China is not the “trade war.” Rather, the race to dominate future technologies like artificial intelligence and 5G underpins the most complex legal and policy issues between the two nations. The U.S.-China tech war, and the United States’ whole-of-government strategy, has put Chinese technology companies under the hot light of U.S. legal and political scrutiny. Companies like Huawei and ZTE, relative unknowns in the United States until recently, have found themselves on the wrong side of U.S. law enforcement.
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Academic Espionage, Academic Research, Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Influence in Academia, Foreign Investment in the United States, National Security Law, Tech War, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy, University Export Controls

Proposed Legislation Would Restrict Foreign Participation in Academic Research

The “Protect Our Universities Act of 2019” is a a bill “to create a task force within the Department of Education to address the threat of foreign government influence and threats to academic research integrity on college campuses, and for other purposes." Among other things, the Bill would restrict foreign student participation in federally funded academic research deemed "sensitive" to national security.
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Academic Espionage, Academic Research, Doing Business in Emerging Markets, Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Influence in Academia, Foreign Investment in the United States, International Trade Law, National Security Law, Sanctions, Tech War, Technology and Human Rights, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy

U.S.-China Trade, Technology & Global Policy Issues: INFOGRAPHIC

This graphic depicts key issues between the United States and China, as identified by the United States as of January 26, 2019. This is not an exhaustive depiction, but captures key categories and sub-categories of Chinese state and private practices, state policies, and state structural characteristics that are the subject of U.S. government complaints (as raised from within and outside of the Trump Administration).
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Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Investment in the United States, International Trade Law, Tech War, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy, University Export Controls

Brain Drain: Emerging Technologies Export Controls Could Spur Tech Inversions

The Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, has begun the process of identifying "emerging technologies" that are essential to national security and, consequently, require export control. New export controls on emerging technologies could be burdensome, depending on the content of regulations and the manner of their enforcement. If the new regulatory regime is burdensome to the point that it prohibits (legally or practically) some emerging technology transfers to foreign parties, companies and others involved in emerging technologies-- particularly their development--may seek arrangements, without evading or otherwise violating ECRA or applicable regulations, to ease collaborations and other engagement with foreign parties, including by some form of technology inversion.
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Academic Research, Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Investment in the United States, National Security Law, Tech War, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy, University Export Controls

BIS Rulemaking on Emerging Technologies Export Controls- Analysis

The Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security on Nov. 19 published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) on the “Review of Controls for Certain Emerging Technologies.” The ANPRM implements the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 and raises diverse legal, regulatory, policy, and commercial issues that cut across sectors and industries. Commerce seeks to advance national security goals without harming the United States’ capacity to lead in science, technology, engineering, and manufacturing. This Regulatory Update provides analysis of the ANPRM, the relevant legal framework, and considerations for commentators.
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Business Ethics & Conduct, Doing Business in Emerging Markets, Foreign Investment in the United States

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Governance & Risk for SWFs and Companies They Fund

Private companies that receive SWF and SOE investment, as well as the investors who arrange or co-invest with state-linked firms, should, when screening investments and assessing nonfinancial risk before and after the point of investment (and when additional investment is under consideration), the quality and risk inherent in the corporate structure and governance, as well as the business conduct controls of SWFs and SOEs, may affect them in the near- to longer term. In doing so, they should take a lesson from the PIF situation, post-Khashoggi.
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Academic Espionage, Academic Research, Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Investment in the United States, International Trade Law, National Security Law, Tech War, Technology and Human Rights, Technology Export Control, United States China Law and Policy, University Export Controls

Tech Wars: Restrictions on Foreign Access to U.S. Technology

Measures to curb foreign access to U.S. technology have taken and will likely take various forms that will cut across industries and legal disciplines. Among them, as discussed below, are restrictions on foreign access to and influence on U.S. technology through (1) foreign investment, (2) supply chain exclusions, (3) limits on participation in academic and other research, (4) legal or political curbs on U.S. technology access or transfers through third countries, and (5) countermeasures against foreign control of raw materials essential to technological manufacturing and innovation.
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Academic Espionage, Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Investment in the United States, International Trade Law, Sanctions, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy

U.S.-China Trade and Tech War on Three Fronts

Much of the talk of trade war between the United States and China, and perhaps other countries, has focused on traditional trade measures and counter-measures like tariffs that strike at the core of international trade: most basically, the movement of goods and services across international borders. But there are two additional fronts of a U.S.-China trade war (thus far): intellectual property and the use of U.S. sanctions and other laws to "coerce and deter" economic rivals like China.
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Doing Business in the United States, Foreign Investment in the United States, MassPoint Legal and Strategy Advisory PLLC, National Security Law, Sanctions, Tech War, Technology Export Control, Technology Transfer Regulation, United States China Law and Policy

House Bill “Blocks Bailout” of ZTE After Export Ban

On May 17, the House Appropriations Committee unanimously approved a measure to block the Commerce Department from using appropriated funds to alter the export ban (i.e., the “denial order”) that the agency activated against ZTE on April 15, 2018. The ZTE measure was approved as an amendment to the fiscal year 2019 bill funding the Departments of Commerce and Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (“Commerce Appropriations Bill”), which was approved by the Appropriations Committee on May 17.
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