OFAC DIRECTIVE 1 AS AMENDED SEPTEMBER 29, 2017

Business Update | October 11, 2017 | Author: Hdeel Abdelhady | PDF OFAC Further Tightens Russia Debt Prohibitions Pursuant to the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017 As required by the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017 (CRIEEA),[i] the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) on September 29, 2017 amended and reissued OFAC Directive 1 (Directive 1).[ii] As amended, Directive 1 continues to prohibit certain “new” debt, equity, and related transactions involving entities subject to U.S. Sectoral Sanctions targeting Russia’s financial services sector. This Business Update discusses the background to and mechanics of Directive 1 as amended and reissued. Ukraine/Russia-Related… Read More

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Banks, Credit Unions and Other Financial Insitutions as Deputized Law Enforcement

From Anti-Money Laundering to Immigration Enforcement: Time to Reassess the Law Enforcement Role of Banks, Credit Unions and Other Financial Intermediaries.  “Credit unions are deeply committed to the fight against crime, but it is important to recognize we are not law enforcement agents and we have certain fundamental limitations.” This statement, made by the Senior Vice President and General Counsel of a major U.S. credit union in testimony before Congress in July 2017,[1] reflects the legal and regulatory requirements and expectations that banks, credit unions, money services businesses, and other financial intermediaries can, must, and should play a role in combatting the misuse of the financial system for illicit purposes.… Read More

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House Bill Would Enhance U.S. States’ Iran Sanctions Authority

On July 26, 2017, a bill was introduced in the House that would bolster U.S. states’ authority to impose sanctions on parties that engage in certain business with or in Iran. The State Sanctions Against Iranian Terrorism Act, H.R. 3425, would “amend the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 to secure the authority of State and local governments to adopt and enforce measures restricting investment in business enterprises in Iran, and for other purposes.” Among other measures, the House Bill would expand U.S. states’ authority to impose indirect Iran sanctions by excluding or debarring from state procurement and investments parties that do business in or with Iran, where… Read More

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Congressional Hearing: Managing Terrorism Financing Risk in Remittances and Money Transfers

Congressional Subcommittee to Hold Hearing on Terrorism Financing Risk in Remittances and Money Transfers  The U.S. House of Representatives Financial Services Committee (the “FSC“) Terrorism and Illicit Finance Subcommittee will on July 18, 2017 hold a hearing entitled “Managing Terrorism Financing Risk in Remittances and Money Transfers.”  The FSC memorandum to all of its members states that the “hearing will explore the terrorist and illicit financing risks that are inherent in any form of asset transfer whether through formal banking channels, MSBs, other legitimate remittance networks, or through informal and unregulated value-transfer systems.”  Concerns about the terrorism financing risks posed by non-bank facilitated money transfers have been constant since 9/11. The FSC’s memorandum describing… Read More

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Do State Regulators Like the NYDFS Have Authority to Enforce OFAC Sanctions?

Robust Enforcement of OFAC Sanctions by Federal Authorities In recent years the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) and other federal authorities have robustly enforced OFAC-administered sanctions against banks, particularly U.S. branches of foreign banks. Notable for their number, successiveness, and monetary penalty amounts imposed—often for U.S. sanctions and related violations, such as of the Bank Secrecy Act—these federal enforcement actions have nevertheless been overshadowed by state enforcement actions, in particular those of the New York State Department of Financial Services (NYDFS). NYDFS Enforcement of OFAC Sanctions  The NYDFS is the New York State agency with licensing, supervisory, and enforcement authority over, among others, New… Read More

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Correspondent Banking and Derisking Update

Financial Stability Board Publishes Action Plan to Address Decline in Correspondent Banking/Derisking Correspondent Banking Update |  July 4, 2017  | Author: Hdeel Abdelhady Ahead of the upcoming G20 meeting, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) published today, July 4, 2017, a progress report on efforts to address the withdrawal of correspondent banking relationships (derisking) and its action plan to assess and address derisking. Among the areas of concern and action items identified by the FSB are remittances and building the capacity of affected respondent bank jurisdictions to effectively identify and counter money laundering, terrorism finance, and other illicit financial activities. Importantly, the FSB has stated that its efforts will focus not just… Read More

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Dana Gas Sukuk Governing Law and Jurisdiction

Dana Gas Sukuk: Legal Silos and Potential Lessons for Deal Teams (Islamic and Conventional) June 30, 2017 | Author: Hdeel Abdelhady  Dana Gas’ statement that its own sukuk are not Shari’ah compliant and therefore are unlawful under UAE law has cast a spotlight on Shari’ah issues. News articles and commentators have taken notice of the detrimental impact that Dana Gas’ move might have on the sukuk market and the Islamic Finance industry more generally. These issues are indeed relevant and weighty. But the Dana Gas matter—even in its infancy—may offer potential lessons for legal and business teams on transactions that involve multiple legal systems and jurisdictions, as borne out by the… Read More

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